State of Alabama Voting Requirements & Information

Statewide Voter Information

 

U.S. Domestic Voters

Federal and State Elections

Alabama General Election held on Tue Nov 3, 2020

Type

Deadlines

New Voter Registration

  • Received by Mon Oct 19, 2020
  • Online by Mon Oct 19, 2020

Absentee Ballot Request

Thu Oct 29, 2020

Absentee Ballot Return

  • Postmarked by Mon Nov 2, 2020
  • Hand Delivered by Mon Nov 2, 2020 5:00pm
  • Post received by Tue Nov 3, 2020 12:00pm

In-Person Absentee Voting

Wed Sep 9, 2020 - Thu Oct 29, 2020
All registered voters in Alabama may request vote-by-mail ballots for the Nov 3, 2020, General Election.

Alabama Special General and Primary Election held on Tue Nov 17, 2020

Type

Deadlines

New Voter Registration

Absentee Ballot Request

Absentee Ballot Return

  • Postmarked by Mon Nov 16, 2020
  • Hand Delivered by Mon Nov 16, 2020 5:00pm
  • Post received by Tue Nov 17, 2020 12:00pm

Registration

You can register to vote or update your registration information:

  • online only if you have an Alabama Driver's License or nondriver identification card
  • by mail
  • in person at your elections office
  • by using the Vote for Alabama app
  • at public libraries
  • at state and local government offices when applying or re-certifying for Aid to Dependent Children, SNAP, TANF, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services

Voter registration is closed during the 14 days prior to any election and on Election Day.

Polling places are open from 7am to 7pm on Election Day.

Find my polling place

Absentee Voting

For the 2020 elections all AL voters may use absentee voting by selecting the option "I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls.”

To be qualified to vote via Absentee Ballot, you must meet one of the following criteria:

  • You will be absent from the county or state on Election Day
  • You are ill or have a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place
  • You live outside your county, for example as a member of the armed services, employed outside the US, or a college student, or are a spouse or child of such a person
  • You are an election officer or poll worker at a polling location other than your own
  • You work a required shift, 10-hours or more, which is the same as polling hours
  • You are a caregiver for a family member confined to their home
  • You are currently incarcerated in prison or jail and have not been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude

You may qualify for an emergency Absentee ballot if:

  • You are required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be unavailable at the polls on the day of the election
  • You are a caregiver of a person who requires emergency treatment by licensed physician within five days before an election
  • You have a family member die within five days before an election
  • You have a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician within 5 days of an election.

Note that disabled voters are entitled to "Permanent Absentee Voter" status

You are eligible to vote in Alabama if you:

  • Are a U.S citizen
  • Are a resident of Alabama
  • Are at least 18 years old by Election Day

You are NOT eligible to vote in Alabama if:

  • You have been legally declared "mentally incompetent" by a court
  • You have been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude

Restorative Requirements

  • You are a convicted felon involving moral turpitude, unless your voting rights have been restored.
  • If you have been convicted of a felony NOT involving moral turpitude, your voting rights are not affected.

Student Eligibility

If you are a student, you are eligible to vote in Alabama if:

  • You reside in Alabama but are attending college in another state
  • You reside in another state but attend college in Alabama
  • You provide a valid photo student ID from a college/university in Alabama at the polls

Voter Registration

To register to vote in Alabama you should provide one of the following:

  • Your Alabama Driver's License Number
  • Your Alabama ID Number

If you do not have these IDs, you may provide:

  • The Last Four Digits of your Social Security Number

If you do not have an Alabama Driver’s License, Alabama ID or Social Security number and need help getting ID, go to www.voteriders.org

Voting In-Person

In Alabama, you need to show a valid ID to vote. You can use any ID from this list:

  • Valid Alabama Driver's License
  • Valid Government Employee ID
  • Valid US Passport
  • Out of State Driver's License or Non-driver ID
  • Valid Federal Issued ID
  • Valid Alabama Voter ID Card with Photo
  • Valid Alabama Non-driver's ID
  • Valid Alabama Issued ID
  • Valid Tribal ID
  • Valid Employee ID from Federal Government, State of Alabama, County, Municipality, Board, or other entity of the state
  • Valid student or employee ID from a public or private college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
  • Valid Military ID
  • License to Carry Concealed Weapon or Firearm

If you do not have a required ID you may be able to vote provisionally and produce an acceptable ID by 5pm the day after the election. If you need help getting ID, go to https://www.voteriders.org

Vote-by-Mail / Absentee

  • When applying for an absentee ballot, include a copy of your photo ID.

For the 2020 general election ONLY, witness and ID requirements have been waived. You do NOT need an ID or signed witnesses to vote absentee by mail for the 2020 general election in Alabama.

Domestic Voter

In-Person Mail Fax Email Online

Voter Registration

- -

Absentee Ballot Request

- - -

Blank Ballot To Voter

- - -

Voted-Absentee Ballot Return

- - -

Overseas & Military Voters

Alabama General Election held on Tue Nov 3, 2020

Type

Deadlines

Overseas Military

Absentee Voter Registration

Postmarked by Mon Oct 19, 2020 Postmarked by Mon Oct 19, 2020

Ballot Request for Registered Voter

Received by Thu Oct 29, 2020 Received by Thu Oct 29, 2020

Ballot Return

  • Postmarked by Tue Nov 3, 2020
  • Received by Tue Nov 10, 2020 12:00pm CST
  • Postmarked by Tue Nov 3, 2020
  • Received by Tue Nov 10, 2020 12:00pm CST
All registered voters in Alabama may request vote-by-mail ballots for the Nov 3, 2020, General Election.

Alabama Special General and Primary Election held on Tue Nov 17, 2020

Type

Deadlines

Overseas Military

Absentee Voter Registration

Ballot Request for Registered Voter

Ballot Return

  • Postmarked by Tue Nov 17, 2020
  • Received by Tue Nov 24, 2020 12:00pm CST
  • Postmarked by Tue Nov 17, 2020
  • Received by Tue Nov 24, 2020 12:00pm CST

Overseas Voters

U.S. citizens living abroad have the right to vote as absentee voters, provided they are eligible to vote in their state. If you are living outside of the U.S. permanently, indefinitely, or temporarily, your voting rights stay with you, even if you never voted when you lived in the U.S. To vote from overseas:

  • Complete and send an overseas voter registration/ballot request form to your election office in the U.S. This is one specific form that will register you as an overseas voter and request your absentee ballot – simultaneously.

Many states allow children who were born overseas, but never lived in the U.S., to use their U.S. parents’ last residence address to register.

Military Voters

Service members and their eligible family members living outside their voting jurisdiction (within or outside the U.S.) are able to vote as absentee voters.

  • If you are a service member, or an eligible family member, there is a single form to file for both voter registration and ballot request. It is often called the “Federal Post Card Application” or the FPCA form. This form must be re-filed with your election office each time you change location.

To vote as a service member or eligible family member:

  • Complete and send a voter registration/ballot request form “FPCA” to your election office in the U.S. It is the same form in all states.

Voting Military

Service members and their dependents may register and request a ballot using the federal voter registration/ballot request form ("FPCA"). You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Voting Overseas

U.S. citizens living overseas may register and request a ballot using the overseas voter registration/ballot request form. You will have the following identification options when completing the form:

  • U.S. State or Territory or District Issued ID
  • Option to Indicate that you do not have the Requested ID
  • Last 4 Digits of your Social Security Number

Overseas Voter

In-Person Mail Fax Email Online

Voter Registration

- - -

Absentee Ballot Request

- - -

Blank Ballot To Voter

- - - -

Voted-Absentee Ballot Return

- - -
The absentee ballot's outside return envelope has an affidavit that must signed by two witnesses (at least 18 years old). Note that if using the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB), two witnesses are still required to sign the FWAB form.

Military Voter

In-Person Mail Fax Email Online

Voter Registration

- - -

Absentee Ballot Request

- - -

Blank Ballot To Voter

- - -

Voted-Absentee Ballot Return

- - -
If you are not registered to vote, you must return your voter registration and absentee ballot request by mail. Only registered voters may request a ballot via fax. The absentee ballot outside return envelope has an affidavit that must signed by two witnesses (at least 18 years old). Note that if using the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB), two witnesses are still required to sign the FWAB form.