E2E-VIV Project

The Future of Voting:
End-to-End Verifiable Internet Voting - Specification and Feasibility Study

In this report, we examine the future of voting and the possibility of conducting secure elections online. Specifically, we explore whether End-to-End Verifiable Internet Voting (E2E-VIV) systems are a viable and responsible alternative to traditional election systems.

This report contains the most complete set of requirements to date that must be satisfied by any Internet voting system used in public elections. Developed by a team of experts in election integrity, election administration, high-assurance engineering, and cryptography, the report starts from the premise that public elections in the U.S. are a matter of national security.

Download Options

Executive Summary - High-level Introduction and Recommendations

Report for Non-technical Audiences
Introduction, Remote Voting, E2E-VIV Explained, Required Properties, Feasibility, Conclusion, Expert Statements

Complete Report
All Report Sections. Includes Technical Content

Expert Statements
Statements from Leaders in Election Integrity

Usability Study